Mindfulness commonly forms part of a comprehensive treatment and training programme for pain, anxiety and stress. The origins of the practice stem from many years ago but in a modern sense, mindfulness is mind training that is akin to physical training used to improve fitness. A great deal of time is dedicated to physical activity for health, less so on the mental side, however the two are inextricably entwined. For one you simply need the other, and to combine the training is the most potent way of cultivating the conditions for healthy living or recovery from pain and injury.
The modern day use of mindfulness is to create health, foster clarity of thought, increase awareness of thoughts and actions for self-improvement and to reduce stress, anxiety and pain that occurs as a consequence of simple practices. Mindfulness is not steeped in religion, but is a philosophical framework to attain a more fulfilling existence.
A programme of mindfulness activities, followed week by week over a period of 8-10 weeks is an excellent way to groove the habit. It is a learning process that increasingly develops awareness in order to make the necessary changes to promote health. Many activities and thought processes are automatic or habitual, but do not point us towards a positive, fulfilling existence. To change this situation requires practice, in essence to re-wire the way we are working via the characteristic neuroplasticity, a feature of the nervous system that underpins learning and adaptation.
Over the 8-10 weeks the practice of a variety of mindfulness activities creates a healthy habit. Several daily sessions of 12-20 minutes focused training is the goal. In addition, forming a routine of performing tasks in a mindful way is a powerful way of regularly enrich awareness; this is simply by paying attention to a normal activity such as cleaning, making a drink or walking. Attend to the sounds, the feel, the aroma and physical sensations thereby standing in the present moment rather than drifting automatically into the past or building a future.
Typically over the period of training, the practice of mindful breathing to cultivate awareness of the effects of thoughts upon the body and vice versa, the body scan to regain a sense of the physical body and how it constantly changes and responds, mindful movements that combines awareness with comfortable motions that nourish the body tissues, working with the pain and suffering and developing compassion towards oneself and others.