Category Archives: Pain interventions

31Jan/14

5 reasons why I use manual therapy for cases of persisting pain

Some will argue that manual therapy — joint and/or soft tissue techniques — has no role in chronic pain. I disagree. Why?

(In no particular order)

1. Touch is normal and it is something that we do when we care.
2. Hands on treatment is expected when you visit a physiotherapist or physical therapist.
3. Stimulation in the area of the body that hurts can feel good. If it causes little or no pain, the brain is happy and interpreting the stimulus (touch, pressure, movement) as being safe. More of that please! A great way to desensitise and for the experience of pleasure in the affected area.
4. Change the brain’s output by addressing the area with therapy that feels good — that’s the output feeling good, along with reflexive reduction in protection.
5. What do you do if you bang your elbow? Rub it. In chronic pain, you may need to think about how and when to rub it, but nonetheless, rubbing it needs. Combine rubbing with visual feedback and there you have a pain relieving strategy.

28Sep/13

You’ve had an intervention for pain – what is next?

Many people with persisting and chronic pain elect to have an intervention for pain relief. This can include steroid injections, facet joint injections, nerve root blocks, epidurals, denervations and sympathetic blocks to name but a few. These procedures are usually administered by a pain consultant (a doctor who specialises in pain management), an orthopaedic surgeon, a radiologist or a rheumatologist.

Undoubtedly, the interventions can afford pain relief but of course the results do tend to vary from person to person. Ideally, the procedure forms part of a multidimensional treatment programme that aims to reduce symptoms, increase activity levels and improve quality of life in the patient’s eyes.

So, what happens next?

In some cases nothing and in others patients are advised to reactivate with the help of a physiotherapist. In the former scenario, the expectation is that the procedure will solve the problem, the pain will ease and life returns to normal. Unfortunately there is an error with this thinking as in the vast majority of cases this leaves the patient with a host of unanswered questions: how much should I do? Can I do this or that? Is it safe? etc etc. If the pain persists in any shape or form, this increases the threat value of these questions. They must be answered with practical solutions.

Undoubtedly to follow a comprehensive programme that addresses the physical and cognitive dimensions of pain is desirable. The intensity and length of a programme will vary from person to person, but as a minimum, the patient should know what they can do and how they can do it as a way of moving forward.

Within the programme there are fundamental issues that must be tackled. For example, in many cases of persisting pain, the way in which movement is controlled has changed as has body perception. This has to be retrained and there are specific ways of achieving this goal. We know that these mechanisms play a role in sensitivity and hence need to be targeted.

Concurrent with physical training is the absolute need to create the right mindset and deal with any associated fears of movement. This may include working upon resilience, motivation and coping so that the training outcomes are optimised.

In summary, the understandable use of pain interventions should be part of a multidimensional treatment and training programme that tackles the physical, cognitive and emotional aspects of the pain problem.